By YingTing Tseng (YXT5059)
How do we make sense of China? In this blog post, the main idea of press freedom in China will be based on a scholar report, Media Censorship in China, written by Isabella Bennett; and the context will follow the original question-and-answer format for providing a better flow. And a personal reflection will be included at the end as a final conclusion.
What is the official media policy in China?
A senior fellow of Council on Foreign Relations, Elizabeth C. Economy says the government as it “goes back and forth, testing the line, knowing they need press freedom–and the information it provides–but worried about opening the door to the type of freedoms that could lead to the regime’s downfall.” And one of the most updated regulations states, “Internet sovereignty, requiring all Internet users in China, including foreign organizations and individuals, to abide by Chinese laws and regulations”.
How free is the Chinese media?
Self-Censorship in China: “Chinese media disseminators usually employ their own monitors to ensure political acceptability of their content.” Websites such as Wikipedia, Bloomberg, and the New York Times are blocked due to different levels of political concerns.
What are the primary censoring agencies in China?
1. Communist Party’s Central Propaganda Department (CPD) 2. General Administration of Press and Publication (GAPP) 3. State Admistration of Radio, Film, and Television (SARFT). Tan Zuoren, a journalist who reported the poor construction of school building which caused the death of children during the 2008 SiChuan province earthquake, instead of winning a Pulizer award (if he was an American), Tan was sentenced to 5 years in prison.
How do journalists get around media control measures?
Using similar-sounding innocuous characters to circumvent censorship tools
A Chinese journalist’s inside view of censorship | http://vimeo.com/60694851
To conclude, although Chinese people nowadays still live under the restriction of censorship system, I believe this will not last long. It is because unless the Chinese government blocks the whole Internet in the country, the freedom will eventually overcome the governmental control. However, it will take a while for the changes to be effected. And both you and me, we can be the change.
Reference: Bennett, Isabella. “Media Censorship in China.” Jan 2013. Council on Foreign Relations. Mar 2013.